Grow Your Own Rabbit Food

Turn your yard into rabbit food and start growing oats, wheat, beets and other tasty rabbit treats.

| 2012 Guide to Backyard Rabbits

  • Grain
    Growing your own rabbit food can be easy with these varieties.
    Petra Reinartz/Fotolia

  • Grain

I can’t blame it all on wild rabbits. There were raccoons, woodchucks, opossums, skunks, mice, moles, voles, deer, crows and who knows what else, but my garden last year fed critters more than it did me, and I am fed up. So this year my garden is going to help feed my domestic rabbits and cut my feed costs. You can grow your own rabbit food for your domestic rabbits, too, and here are some ways to do it.

First, and very easy, are mangel beets. I have grown the large red roots in the past, but a friend says the Golden Eckendorf variety is even better. You plant them early in the spring. About 110 days later you can dig them out and store them for winter feed. Rabbits love them, especially if their water freezes up during winter.

Also a cinch to grow is oats — and boy, do rabbits love oats. Back before there were rabbit pellets, oats made up the majority of many rabbits’ diets. One feed mixture included six quarts of oats to a quart each of wheat, sunflower seeds, barley and corn. You can grow them all.

Plant oats in the spring as soon as the ground can be worked in a preferably loamy soil. They will germinate even if the soil is cold. Try broadcasting them like grass seed in broad bands, a foot or so wide. Just rake the seeds in a couple of inches deep. You can get the seed from a seed catalog (Johnny’s Selected Seeds and Jung’s are good ones) or from a farm supply store. At harvest time, cut the oats with a sickle, and, if you wish, you can thresh them by flailing inside a large metal garbage can, or you can just dry the straw, seed heads and all, and feed it that way.

You can do just about the same thing with wheat, but it’s easy to just pick the seed heads and feed them that way. Barley, buckwheat and rye are easy to grow, too, and, of course, there is alfalfa.

Alfalfa is high in protein, and in some places, such as my area, it is difficult to buy it baled because the farmers chop it and put in the silo. Rabbits love the stuff, and you can grow it just as easily as planting grass. The same goes for red clover; again, plant it in the spring and let it grow until the red blossoms appear. Cut it down and dry it, and your rabbits will love the clover hay.

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