Earth-Moving Equipment

Load up on versatile machinery to doze those daunting projects.

| May/June 2019

 grading-lane
Photo by KIOTI.

People dream about and acquire rural land or acreage for many reasons. They may long to return to their abandoned rural roots, or desire to live self-sufficiently by growing their own food and livestock.

Regardless of your reason for owning rural land, the ability to move, shape, smooth, or contour your property efficiently requires the right implements and equipment. From constructing roads, to designing landscapes, to creating building sites, there are equipment options for any size of earth-moving job.

Bulldozers

When it comes to moving soil, sand, general rubble, or tree stumps, nothing can compare to a dedicated bulldozer. Bulldozers, or crawlers (continuous tracked tractors), come in a variety of sizes and configurations. In essence, the bulldozer is a diesel tractor sporting tracks instead of wheels, with a substantial metal blade mounted on the front, and sometimes a set of rippers — claw-like teeth mounted on steel — attached to the rear. The blade can articulate in either direction or pitch, and the rippers are used to break up dirt, compacted soil, or pavement as the bull­dozer moves over it.



Typically, bulldozers are used in heavy construction or road building. They can be very useful to the new landowner if it’s necessary to cut a road into the property or if excessive tree removal is required. Bulldozers are often used to clear old windbreaks from smaller fields, and to create more land that can be utilized for farming. Leveling land for building sites, livestock enclosures, or loafing sheds is also easily accomplished with a bulldozer.

Even a well-used bulldozer can be expensive, with prices ranging from $30,000 up to $200,000 or more. Because of the initial price and maintenance costs of a full-sized bulldozer, it’s rarely cost-effective for most landowners. While bulldozers can be rented for $300 to $500 per day or $1,200 to $1,500 per week, depending on size and capability, operating a bulldozer without exten­sive experience is probably not the most cost-effective choice. It’s often a much better investment to hire a professional to do the work.

Loaders

Smaller than bulldozers, but utilized in a variety of earth-moving applications and construction, load­ers offer great versatility and come in many styles, sizes, and con­figurations. They may have tracks or wheels, and offer various engine sizes. They also may come equipped with front blades for pushing mate­rial like a bulldozer or have front-loader buckets for different applica­tions. Here’s a brief description of some of the more common loaders.

Backhoes

Great multitasking load­ers, backhoes have applications in both construction work and around the farm. Equipped with a large bucket in the front and a hydraulic shovel for deep excavation on the back (the “backhoe”), they can tackle any job, from moving materials, to general digging, to trenching and backfilling. Although backhoes are versatile, they, too, are probably more geared to professional operators.

The cost of a new, full-sized backhoe is driven by size, configuration, and horsepower, and may range from $26,000 up to $150,000 or more. You can rent a backhoe for anywhere from $350 per day and $1,500 per week to much more, but by hiring a skilled backhoe operator, you can tackle many projects in a short time with one piece of equipment, saving time and money in the end.

Skid-Steer Loaders

These small, rigid-framed wheeled loaders are mainstays in construction and landscape work. The term “skid-steer” comes from the turning design of the loader, in which the wheels are synchronized in left- and right-side pairs, and the pairs operate independently. Operating the pairs at different speeds “skids” one pair of tires across the ground, which allows a zero-turn radius. This mobility, combined with a multitude of attachments, from snowblowers to post-hole diggers, makes skid-steers extremely maneuverable and capable of working in very tight spaces.

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Skid-steer loaders come in handy for a variety of chores. Photo by Kubota.

Farmers and ranchers find skid-steers extremely versatile in chores, such as cleaning stables or barns. The skid-steer also comes in a tracked version to limit damage to sensitive ground surfaces, such as lawns, sod, or sand. The price of a new skid-steer loader will vary by manufacturer, size, and horsepower, but expect to pay $12,000 to $60,000. If you have experience operating large equipment, renting one may be a good option if you have just a few projects that require its versatility. Rentals run about $200 to $350 per day and $700 to $1,500 per week, depending on the model.

Mini-Track Loaders

A great option for smaller jobs that require operating in close quarters, mini-track loaders resemble a small skid-steer that you walk behind or stand on to operate. They’re equipped — as their name implies — with a set of tracks that allow them to go over soft ground with minimal impaction. Mini-track loaders were designed to replace the wheelbarrow and shovel. They can be configured with many attachments that make them suitable for a wide variety of jobs, including digging footings; breaking up concrete; leveling ground; grinding stumps; hauling supplies, such as pavers and cement blocks; and carrying debris. New mini-track loaders start at about $12,000 and may cost $90,000 or more. They’re a great rental option for jobs that require a lot of manual labor. Mini-track loaders are widely available at rental shops and can be rented from $150 per day to $700 per week.

Tractors

Although bulldozers and loaders are excellent dedicated earth-moving equipment, a tractor with matched implements can provide the rural landowner a good solution for mate­rial moving. Plus, a tractor provides the versatility of three-point imple­ments and power takeoff (PTO) for other tasks.



Without going into details on type or model, price tags start at about $10,000 for a compact utility tractor and go up to $20,000 to $250,000 for mid- and full-sized tractors. After you choose a tractor, consider the following implements for small to mid-sized tractors to help with vari­ous earth-moving applications.

Front-End Loaders

Front-end load­ers are one of the most beneficial and useful tractor attachments for rural uses. Loaders are matched to the spe­cific tractor frame and horsepower, and start at around $3,000, depend­ing on size and quality.

front-loader
Front-end loaders are great for moving dirt on your property. Photo by Massey Ferguson.

A quality loader is constructed of good material and can withstand the stress and heavy use you’ll likely put it through. Poor craftsmanship or inferior construction in a loader may result in bent or damaged buckets from ordinary use. The ability to add different types of bucket attachments — depending on the type of material you’re moving — is also a big plus when purchasing a loader for your tractor. Buy a loader that’s specifically matched to your tractor, both to assure you it’ll work well, and to maintain the warranty it’s likely to come with.

Tractor-Mounted Backhoes

A versatile and affordable option for the rural landowner, tractor-mounted backhoes come in a variety of sizes to match your tractor model and horsepower. Some of the many uses of the backhoe for the rural land­owner include digging out stumps and footings, installing culverts, and building ponds.

tractor-backhoe
A tractor-mounted backhoe is useful for trenching and installing culverts. Photo by John Deere.

Prices for tractor-mounted backhoes can range from $6,000 to $15,000, depending on model and capability. While not in the same category as a dedicated backhoe, tractor-mounted backhoes can handle a lot of jobs that would otherwise require hiring the work out. Another benefit of adding a backhoe to your tractor is that it provides additional overall stabilization when you’re hauling fill or removing excavated material with the front-end loader.

Box Blades

Designed to be mounted on the tractor’s three-point hitch, box blades are a great material-moving option when you’re landscaping, lev­eling ground, or maintaining roads. Box blades come in various sizes matched to the tractor’s horsepower and tire width.

Box blades are equipped with blades on the front and back of the box, allowing you to either push or pull material for a short distance. Most are equipped with shanks that can be adjusted up or down to break up the ground as it’s pulled along. The cost of a new box blade will vary greatly and depends on the width of the box blade and manufacturer.

box-scraper
Suitable for leveling ground and maintaining roads, box blades are an effective implement. Photo by Yanmar.

As with most implements, make sure the box blade you purchase has quality steel in both the front and back blades, where most of the stress is placed during use. Adjustable shanks are also important, and often absent in lower-quality box blades. Prices start at about $400 and go up to $1,800.

Rear Blades

Useful for moving and shaping soil, rear blades can be used for leveling materials, cutting shallow ditches, and moving or dragging material. Rear blades come in a variety of configurations, with the ability to change the angle, pitch, and offset of the blade. Some models can swivel 180 degrees to allow the blade to be dragged in reverse, which makes tasks such as leveling driveways much easier. New, high-quality rear blades start at $300 and go up to $1,800, depending on capability and size.

rear-blade
Utilize rear blades to grade your driveway and cut shallow ditches. Photo by Case IH.


Utilize the Used Marketplace

If you’re interested in purchasing either earth-moving equip­ment or implements, don’t overlook the used marketplace. With internet access, you can check equipment availability in your area from home. Your local implement dealer can also be a great source for used equipment, and, because their offerings are probably local trades or purchases, they may be able to put you in touch with the original owners if you have any issues with the equipment. Dealers may also offer some type of war­ranty on a used-equipment purchase, unlike private sellers.

A regular GRIT contributor, Tim Nephew lives in rural Minnesota, where he owns and maintains 80 acres of wildlife habitat.





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