How to Make Homemade Soap

Follow these simple instructions for how to make homemade soap, and you’ll be making soap in no time.

| November/December 2011

  • soap-cutting-tool
    "Soap" is the result of the chemical reaction called saponification that occurs when combining fat with lye.
    Karen Keb
  • soap-weighing-fats
    Measuring fats.
    Karen Keb
  • soap-temperature-lye
    Checking the temperature of the combined fats.
    Karen Keb
  • soap-pouring
    Pouring the soap into the mold.
    Karen Keb
  • soap-pretty
    Some people believe that soap ìmade with lyeî is harsh on the skin. However, all soap is made with lye, even glycerin soap and luxury soaps that fetch upwards of $8 a bar in boutiques.
    Karen Keb
  • soap-mixing
    Mixing the soap solution with a stick blender.
    Karen Keb
  • soap-temperature
    Checking the temperature of the lye solution.
    Karen Keb
  • soap-covering
    "Soap" is the result of the chemical reaction called saporification that occurs when combining fat with lye.
    Karen Keb
  • glycerine-soap
    Handmade soaps and yellow rose.
    Mahai Simonia
  • soap-drying
    After the soap has set, turn it out onto a rack and let it cure for at least 2 weeks before using it on your skin.
    Karen Keb
  • saponification-illustration
    The chemistry behind soap.
    Brad Anderson

  • soap-cutting-tool
  • soap-weighing-fats
  • soap-temperature-lye
  • soap-pouring
  • soap-pretty
  • soap-mixing
  • soap-temperature
  • soap-covering
  • glycerine-soap
  • soap-drying
  • saponification-illustration

Soapmaking is a homestead craft I had long wanted to try, despite my unfounded perception that it was difficult and dangerous. My ancestors made soap during the Depression using primitive methods – hardwood ashes and rainwater to make lye, fat rendered to make lard – and no one died, went blind or was burned (though a bar occasionally got stuffed into my mother’s mouth when something came out of it that shouldn’t have). The old-fashioned method of hand stirring – sometimes for hours – combined with the unpredictable strength of lye made from ashes resulted in soap that was highly variable and sometimes harsh on the skin of the person using it.

Modern methods and conveniences have taken just about all of these unpleasantries out of the equation. Though I’m usually a big fan of old-timey methods, I’m not quite so excited when chemical reactions are involved.

When I got serious about learning how to make homemade soap, I turned to a friend who’s been doing it for years and requested a hands-on demonstration. Sandra Johnson, a librarian in Baldwin City, Kansas, knows the craft inside and out. She happily agreed and sent me away with instructions to get the “only book I’d ever need,” Smart Soapmaking by Anne L. Watson – and read it cover to cover – and the supplies for one of her foolproof soaps.

When I showed up on the appointed lesson day at Sandra’s house, the schooling commenced. As a former schoolteacher, Sandra is exacting with her instructions, always stressing the importance of exact measurements, exact temperatures, and following instructions exactly.



This is precisely how you’d want a soapmaking teacher to be. By establishing the simple truth that if you follow procedure and use common sense, your soap will turn out, and no one will be harmed – just like home canning.

We began by gathering up all the needed supplies – food scale, glass bowls, measuring cups, pots, rubber spatula, stick blender, etc.

lindanne
6/16/2014 4:51:12 AM

There is no doubt that I will at last take a step using your tips. Thank you! http://www.frivrelax.com


Jonna Rønnest
10/12/2013 8:59:16 AM

Well I apreciate Your answer. I am about to make soap with milk, for the first time, and I never thought of freezing the milk. :-) Do you have a good recepi for baby-soap? :-)


IDahoCrittersMom
10/5/2013 2:41:19 PM

IDnowTNthen, it's been almost 2 years since you posted your question and I hope you got an answer in the meantime. For others that may end up reading these instructions, the answer is yes. Freeze the milk in ice cube trays and use the cubes instead of water. Take out what you need a bit before starting your soap. The slushy cubes will be icy enough to keep the lye mix from heating up too much and cooking the milk which makes it look curdled. Use the same amount of milk as you would water, tea, coffee or other liquids in your soap recipe. IdahoLaura







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