Living in the northeast, we have just become accustomed to snow and sometimes lots of it during winter. It is always important for us to keep an eye on the weather, as we can quickly go from a morning filled with abundant sunshine into an afternoon with complete white out conditions. One of the most important things that we do when we know a storm is coming is to prepare the chickens and their housing to make weathering the storm easier. Here are some tips as to what we do as we prepare for snow.
First, we are sure to clean the chicken coop.
- We clean out the coop and nesting boxes and replace everything with a thicker fresh layer of bedding.
Add a supply of fresh water and food inside the coop.
- You can never tell if the chickens will need to stay inside the coop longer than usual due to unforeseen circumstances.
- This keeps the food from getting wet and spoiling. It also helps to slow down the freezing process of the waterers.
Keep extra emergency water on hand for your flock.
- Estimate how much water your flock consumes in one week.
- Store that amount of water inside so that it doesn't freeze.
- You may need to rely on this in case your water service is interrupted.
Visit the feed store.
- Stock up on enough extra feed, grit, oyster shells to last at least a week. Also, stock up on extra pine shavings to add to the muddy run and refresh the coop as needed.
Take inventory of your chicken first-aid kit and restock as necessary.
Consider adding a layer of plastic sheeting around the chicken run.
- This cuts down on drafts.
- Keeps the snow out of the run.
- Keeps you from having to shovel out the run.
- It allows the chickens more space for roaming even though a storm is happening outside.
- It helps to prevent boredom, if they are locked in the coop otherwise.
- It helps to keep your flock dry.
- It helps to prevent the run from getting soaked, which can lead to illness such as coccidiosis.
- It also keeps the flock's favorite dust bathing spots dry too.
Reinforce any predator proofing and locks.
We don't heat the coop.
- If you heat your coop, you will need to come up with a back-up plan for heating your coop if the power is to fail for an extended period of time. Sudden changes in temperatures will stress and can kill your flock. If you have already started heating your coop this year, you cannot stop this year, but you can rethink heating the coop for next winter.
Consider locking the flock inside the coop during the worst of the storm, especially over night for safety.
Keep a shovel near your door along with some snow boots and mittens.
- Think about the best way to access your chickens after the storm is through.
Chickens are snow blind.
- Chickens will not venture out onto an unshoveled snowy area.
- To coax them out, shovel off some walking space and toss on some scratch or treats.
Our flock is now almost four years old. This is the first year when their egg laying has completely ceased during their annual fall molt. Telling you that we miss their eggs is a huge understatement! We are down to our last dozen. However, a few days ago, as I lifted the nesting box lid, I discovered Feathers as she gracefully got up from the nesting box. As I peered down into the box, I discovered an egg. I was ecstatic. The eggs had returned.
Yet, this one was different. I scooped it up. It was warm but instead of feeling a shell, it felt rubbery. It was squishy. I could see the yolk inside this silly normal sized egg. We had fun with her egg, as it sat above the kitchen window for the last few days. It was a show and tell, a real "wow" kind of story that the kids were thrilled to share with their friends.
As each day passed, the egg lost a little of its oomph, until yesterday when it looked like a pathetic deflated balloon. The rubbery coating on the outside had turned into more of a solid. It felt and looked like stale angel food cake, so into the garbage it went. Since that egg was laid over three days ago, no other eggs have been gifted to our family from the flock. It's amazing how we cherished Feather's pathetic odd egg. I think in some weird way, it gave us a bit of hope, that soon enough the eggs will return.
Come visit me over on my blog, Tilly's Nest!
Even if you don't keep bees you can certainly help them in and around your yard. There are little steps that make a huge difference in these tiny workers' lives. In fact, it can even help your gardens and yard to grow and thrive by allowing not only the bees but other beneficial bugs, butterflies and other pollinators to safely live in their environments.
By removing natural fields and weeds and replacing them with lush, green, weed -free lawns, we have removed vast amounts of land where honeybees thrived. If possible, allow the meadows to return. Clover is one of the honeybee's favorite flowers and it readily grows in the healthiest of lawns. Why not consider letting your lawn grow patches of clover and let it bloom? Dandelions are also a spring time favorite of theirs too. Dandelions tell them that warmer weather is arriving. Often the dandelions are the first blooms upon which they feed after a long winter contained in their hives.
Whether it is herbicides or pesticides you should start reading the labels. Specifically seek out information whether or not the chemicals you are using are harmful to bees. This information is often hidden in the fine print but is required to be there by law. Research alternative methods to battle bugs and weeds. These include white vinegar, cayenne pepper and insecticidal soaps. Also, just because a product is organic it does not mean that it cannot harm honeybees and other pollinators.
Hours and Timing of Application
Apply products to plants when they are not blooming if possible. Honeybees would not spend time on a plant without blooms. Apply the products during the very early morning hours or at dusk. During these times honeybees are more likely to be in their hives verses outside in the garden.
Honeybees are most attracted to purple blooms. They love Russian Sage, Lavender, purple Butterfly bushes, Coneflowers (Echinacea), and Liatris to name a few.
Last year, the US lost approximately 40% of their hives during the winter. This set a new devastating record. The honey bees are in trouble. Explore becoming a beekeeper or allowing a beekeeper to place a hive or two on your property.
Be Politically Active
Follow the current bills at the local, state and federal levels that are helping to research colony collapse disease, restrict and ban chemicals that are proving fatal the bees, and help to stabilize their populations. The bees can't speak for themselves but you certainly can!
For more information on beekeeping, backyard chickens, gardening, recipes and crafting, please come visit me on www.tillysnest.com.
Egg Eating, a form of cannibalism, is a terrible habit that some chicken develop over time. It can start for numerous reasons including nutritional deficiencies, curiosity and boredom. Chickens are very smart and it does not take long for them to realize that not only do eggs taste good but they are a great source of protein. It is important when keeping a backyard flock that you are aware of this potential problem and take steps in your flock's living area and life to help prevent this problem from ever beginning.
Here are some helpful tips to help prevent your flock from starting this behavior:
1. Feed your flock a layer feed containing at least 16% protein
2. Limit the treats and kitchen scraps that you feed your flock.
3. Share high protein treats with your flock including dried meal worms, sunflower seeds and plain yogurt (no artificial ingredients or sweeteners)
4. Keep nesting boxes up off the ground. This helps keep the eggs out of sight and out of mind.
5. Harvest your eggs at least 2-3 times per day.
6. Provide your flock with free access to oyster shells or recycled eggshells to help form thicker eggshells.
7. Be sure the eggs have a soft place to land in the nesting box.
8. Be sure to provide plenty of fresh water, some chicken start eating eggs when water is scarce.
9. Be sure the chickens have plenty of space and if you are able to safely, allow free-ranging.
10. Never feed your chickens eggs that still look like eggs or shells. Do not be tempted to toss a cracked eggs into the run for the chickens to devour. You can feed your chickens scrambled eggs or crush the eggshells into small unrecognizable pieces.
11. Keep nesting boxes dark.
12. Be sure you have at least one nesting box per 4 laying hens.
If the egg eating behavior has already begun, it is important that most of the above suggestions have been implemented. In addition, you can try these added measures to try and treat the problem:
1. If you know which chicken is guilty, then remove them from the flock immediately. Others will learn the behavior from them. If they continue to eat eggs, try rehoming them, sometimes a change of scenery can stop a bad habit.
2. According to the University of Florida, filling a dish with milk and allowing chickens to drink it decreased the egg eating behavior.
3. The University of Florida also suggests beating an egg into a creamy consistency, stir in 2 teaspoons of black pepper and pour it on the coop floor. The taste will stop hens from eating their eggs.
4. Create slanted nesting boxes that allow freshly laid eggs to roll down into a secret collection area that the chickens cannot access.
5. Try adding golf balls to the nesting boxes.
6. Clean up every bit of the broken egg. Leave no traces behind. Change out any bedding that has egg on it.
7. Try filling an empty egg shell with mustard. The chickens will not enjoy the taste. Interestingly, hot sauce does not work on birds, they can't taste it.
8. Try pinless peepers.
9. Try adding distractions, such as a hanging ball of cabbage.
10. Be sure you actually have a hen eating your eggs, it is not uncommon in certain areas for snakes to enter chicken coops and swallow whole eggs.
I think there comes a time in most flocks, for whatever reason, an egg cracks and a curious chicken decides to indulge. This happened once to our flock when we were on vacation. My guess, is that the eggs were not being harvested enough during the day. Upon our return during the following few days, we went out checking for eggs religiously every few hours. Luckily, this single measure alone stopped their behavior. Since then, no one has eaten any eggs, well that is, except for us.
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It has been almost 1 year since I started out on beekeeping. I hardly know everything, but the learning curve has been steep and I can say with confidence that I am a beekeeper. I read all that I could get my hands on. I took a local beekeeping class and joined the local beekeeper's association. I networked with those around me. My bees survived their first year and so did I. Today, I thought that I would share with you some very important tips that I have picked up along this past year's journey. I cannot guarantee that these will work for you, but I can certainly share what has worked for me.
Feed your bees. From most preliminary data gathered this year, it seems that most of my fellow beekeeper's hives perished this winter from starvation. Bees need to eat and sometimes, we are located in places and climates less than optimal for them. All too often, Mother Nature does not provide as much as we would like. Be sure to check the feeders once per week. Try to keep them refilled on a regular consistent basis.
Become a believer in Honey B Healthy. This stuff works. It smells great and I believe really helped my hives to get off to a great start. It is also wonderful to mist on your bees instead of the smoker.
Keep more than one hive. Two hive are truly better than one. Keeping two hives allows you to make comparisons between the two and become aware of issues earlier, discover what is "normal" vs. "abnormal", allows you to combine hives if one is not thriving come the colder seasons and also helps you to re-queen a hive absent of a queen and any brood.
Find a Mentor. If are lucky enough to find a mentor who has at least kept bees successfully for 3 years than consider yourself to have one of the greatest assets in the hobby. Treat them to lunch or dinner now and then and the relationship will grow and thrive. It is a nice way to return the favor of their time and expertise.
Never underestimate the supply of bobby pins at the local drug store come spring. Every spring around here there is a huge shortage because folks are building their frames and support the foundation with bobby pins. Watch all year round for sales and pick them up during alternative times. They will sell out.
Watch Sugar Prices. Hungry bees can gobble up to 5 pounds or more of sugar in a week. Look for sales and watch the club stores. Always keep an extra 10 pound bag on hand for those unexpected situations.
Check on your bees. Open your hives on sunny warm days when the bees are flying and the breeze is minimal. Take a quick assessment and be sure there are signs of the queen. It is not always necessary to find the queen. Just be sure she is there, laying a healthy pattern of brood. Be sure to assess for any pests, parasites or signs of disease.
Watch your bees. Get in the habit of watching your bees from outside the hive. See if they are returning to the hive loaded down with pollen. Monitor for robber bees. Watch for any signs of impostors entering the hives and be on alert for bee predators such as skunks.
Follow beekeeping practices as others do in your area of the country. Be sure that you are adapting practices of keeping bees that are appropriate for your gardening zone and climate. Some folks never deal with freezing weather. Some people harvest honey year round. Some beehives spend all winter covered in snow.
A favorite treat following the week of Easter is a good egg salad sandwich. We always have an abundance of colored hard boiled eggs and this is an easy way to use some of them up. The ingredients are quite simple and can be made in a pinch. I think the secret that makes this such a delicious version of egg salad is using cornichons. Cornichons are small French pickles packed with flavor. I purchase them from Trader Joes but they should be readily found in the specialty food section of the grocery. Spread this easy salad between a nice crusty roll or toasted piece of French baguette for a wow factor
6 hard-boiled eggs chilled
1/3 cup mayonnaise-adjust to your preferred consistency
2 tablespoons diced sweet yellow onion
6 cornichons-cut into small round "coins"
Salt and pepper to taste
Dice the hard boiled eggs into bite sized pieces. Add them to a medium mixing bowl. Add the mayonnaise, onion, cornichons, salt and pepper. Mix until everything is well incorporated and coated with mayonnaise. Spread between two slices of bread.
Just like raising children, people have many different opinions and styles regarding how to raise and keep a flock of backyard chickens. Time and time again my heart breaks when I see people telling others that there is only one correct way to do things. There are many ways to do things and do them well. We are very lucky to have so many wonderful options out there to help provide our chickens with a wonderful quality of life.
There are many ways to feed your chickens...
Do you choose organic feed?
What kinds of treats?
Do you add supplements like food grade diatomaceous earth?
Do you let them have free access to as much food as they like or do you limit their daily intake?
Do you share scraps from you table with them?
Do you give them dairy products?
What types of feeders do you use-hanging, trough, PVC tube dispenser, a rubber bowl?
There are many ways to give water to your chickens...
Do you use tap water?
Do you give them water from the hose?
Do you use a metal or plastic waterer?
Do you use a nipple waterer?
Do you use a large black rubber bowl?
Do you add anything to the water like vitamins and electrolytes, apple cider vinegar or make them tea?
If you do add supplements to their water, how often do you do it?
When your chickens are ill...
Do you take them to the vet?
Do you cull them?
Do you separate them from the flock?
Do you keep them in with the flock?
Do you bring them in the house?
Do you give them medicine?
There are many ways to house chickens...
Do they have a little house or a big house?
What material is it made out of?
How do you provide shade for your flock?
Do you cover the run?
Do you keep a light on in the coop in the Winter to keep up egg production?
Do you use straw, pine shavings, hay or a combination?
Do you keep decoy eggs in the nesting boxes?
There are many ways to predator proof...
Do you use hardware cloth or chicken wire?
Did you bury the wiring all the way around the coop?
Do you let your flock free-range?
Do you keep them confined?
Do you lock up all the coop doors at night?
My advice is to investigate for yourself. When you discover something that might work for your flock or your coop seek out more than just opinions. Seek out reputable sources with evidence based facts. As you can see from above, just like life there is never one way to do things. Sometimes, certain thing work better for different breeds, during different seasons and climates and in different places across the globe. Sometimes you may have to try a few things in order to determine what works best. Sometimes what works for one person will not work for you. The best advice I can share is to do what works best for you. After all, no one knows your flock better than you.